Related to the beauty-berry bush and lantana, this vine is powerful in color. The white calyx's and scarlet flowers would make even the most drab tree glorious. They bloom sporadically Spring through Fall with the heaviest concentration of bloom in the Summer. It holds itself by wrapping around any support it can reach, so once started, further training is not needed. It is often grown in pots as a standalone plant. It originates from West Africa. It will be damaged when temperatures drop into twenties. It prefers good soil and drainage and seems to do its best with morning light. Clerodendrum thomsoniae can withstand pretty dry growing conditions.
Bougainvillea has gained popularity all over the world, due to its versatility, richness and suitability to thrive in degrading environmental conditions. It is a semi-climber and can be grown as a hedge, a shrub, a climber over a sunny wall and also in pots. With its sharp thick thorns it is avoided by cattle, goats, monkeys and even birds. It loves open sunshine and the colours of some varieties grow brighter and more attractive in hot dry climate. A postal stamp was issued by the Indian Postal Department to commemorate this flower.
This wonderful twining plant generously bears quite large flowers (about 2" across) which are a beautiful shade of vivid cobalt blue with a white throat. The flowers are presented upside down - the "keel" petal appears on the top rather than the underside. A native of subtropical America and Asia, the butterfly pea is beautiful. A vine that can climb to 9 feet in a hot summer. The flowers are produced in late summer, deep blue with a yellow to white pattern in the center of the lower petal. A member of the pea family, elongated peas are produced and seeds can be collected for sowing the following year. The botanical name comes from the resemblance to intimate parts of the human anatomy.
Ceylon Green Champa is a woody climber, with velvet-hairy branchlets. Leaves are oblong-elliptic or lanceshaped, 10-15 cm long, 3.5-7 cm wide, carried on 4 mm long stalk. Leaves are pointed or with tapering blunt tips, hairless. Flowers are covered with brownish velvet-hairs. They are carried on 1.2 cm long velvet-hairy stalks. Sepals are 6 mm long, velvety, as broad as long. Petals are 3-3.7 cm long, inner ones shorter and narrower. Flower limb is flat lanceshaped. Ceylon Green Champa is found in forests of Karnataka, Kerala and Sri Lanka.
Also known by its common name in India as "Manorangini", Hari Champa has absolutely intoxicating fragrance! This species is native to India and tropical Asia. A medium size climbing shrub 8-10 ft, producing flowers that are greenish in color and fade to yellow with age, and are extremely fragrant. Once picked they are very long lasting and hold their scent for days, if kept in water, permeating an entire room. Flowers have three outer and three inner greenish yellow petals - hence the name hexapetalus. It is a fruity sweet smell - the Manipuri name Chini Champra, meaning sugar lemon, is indicative of that. Narrowly elliptical leaves, 6-15 cm long, 2-4.5 cm wide, are usually 3-4 times as long as wide, acute or almost so at base, short-acuminate at the tip, not glossy. Fruits are 3-4 cm long when ripe, ovoid and smooth.
Common jasmine is a shrubby decidious vine that is native to India and China. Its flowers are very fragrant. Common jasmine foliage is decidious. Leaves are opposite and pinnate; leaflets are ovate and pointed. Flowers of common jasmine are white, and fragrant.
Cypress Vine, with its tiny red flowers and delicate fern-like leaves, is a marvelous thing to have on a fence. Belonging to the same genus as the morning glory, the dainty red flowers bloom in the morning. The leaves are 3-4 in long and feather-like, finely divided pinnately into threadlike segments. The scarlet red (rarely white) flowers are tubular, about 1.5 in long, and flare out at the mouth into a five-pointed star. This annual plant produces hundreds of flowers--and thousands of seeds--usually insuring its presence from year to year.
The passion fruit is a vigorous, climbing vine that clings by tendrils to almost any support. It can grow 15 to 20 ft. per year once established and must have strong support. It is generally short-lived (5 to 7 years). The evergreen leaves of passion fruit are alternate, deeply 3-lobed when mature and finely toothed. They are 3 to 8 inches long, deep green and glossy above, paler and dull beneath and, like the young stems and tendrils, tinged with red or purple, specially in the yellow form. A single, fragrant flower, 2 to 3 inches wide, is born at each node on the new growth. The bloom, clasped by 3 large, green, lifelike bracts, consists of 5 greenish-white sepals, 5 white petals and a fringelike corona of straight, white-tipped rays, rich purple at the base. It also has 5 stamens with large anthers, the ovary and triple-branched style forming a prominent central structure. The passion fruit is round to oval, yellow or dark purple at maturity, with a soft to firm, juicy interior filled with numerous seeds. The fruit can be grown to eat or for its juice, which is often added to other fruit juices to enhance aroma. The unique flavor is appealing, musky, guava-like and sweet/tart to tart. Passion fruit is cultivated commercially for its fruit in northwestern South America, India, the Caribbean, Brazil, southern Florida, Hawaii, Australia, East Africa, Israel and South Africa.
Elephant Creeper is a vigorous vine native to India, introduced world-wide. It has large, leathery heart-shaped leaves, which are white on the underside due to hairs. It is called elephant creeper because of the large leaves which look like elephant ears. Leaf blades are 15-25 cm long, and 13-20 cm wide, heart-shaped. Trumpet-shaped flowers are borne in cymes, on long, white-velvety stalks. Sepals are 1.3-1.5 cm long, velvety like the leaves. Flower-stalks are up to 15 cm long. Flowers are 5-7.5 cm long, with a short tube and bell-shaped limb, lavender to pink, the throat being of a darker shade. The flowers are followed by hard, woody capsules, which when they ripen break open to resemble miniature roses. The toxic seeds should not be eaten as they contain alkaloids.
Glory Lily is a most unusual and splendid flower, which is a sight to behold. In bud, the pale green petals face downward. As the blossom matures, the petals elongate and wrinkle and gradually arch backward while sequencing through a spectrum of color from green to yellow to scarlet. The stamens are extremely prominent and spread outward in graceful curves that follow the petals in their backward progression. The flower is 3-5 in in length. Glory Lily is a twining vine that is able to climb up with tendrils formed at the tips of the leaves. Leaves are bright green and lance shape, 2-3 in. long. The leaf tip elongates into a slender tendril that coils around nearby supports to get a grip.
A tropical twining vine, native to Brazil, with deeply veined, whorled leaves and large, trumpet shaped bright yellow flowers. Prickly seed pods follow the flowers with winged seeds that fly about when the pod dries and breaks open. The Allamanda vine is a fast growing rampant vine that always looks better with training and pruning. It flowers almost all year. The plant has milky sap and is considered poisonous; all parts are highly cathartic (hence the botanical name) Texture is coarse and leaves are bright to light green; the plant is often pruned and used as a shrub.
Hairy Ceropegia is an upright or climbing plant with a subterranean tuber. The elliptic to ovate leaves are covered with hair on both sides. The flowers of this species are very showy, the lower part is slightly swollen. The flower-tube is light beige coloured and mottled olive-brown or purple upwards. The petals are very broad and yellowish or apple-green coloured. In India the tubers of Hairy Ceropegia are eaten as a vegetable.
Lady Margaret Passion Flower is a species with large red flowers, among the most sought-after passionflowers. It is a hybrid between Passiflora coccinia and Passiflora incarnata. Although the flowers are not the brilliant blood-red of the Red Passion Flower, they nevertheless stand out dramatically, a deep purplish red, with prominently marked corona not found in other red-flowering passionflowers. Flowers are 7-9 cm across. Sepals are green outside, deep purplish-red inside, oblong, 3.3-4 cm long. Petals are oblong. Leaves are 3-lobed, 6.5-15 X 7.5-16 cm, with toothed margin.
Medium Ceropegia is a slender twinning climber. Stems are slender, purple, and root tuberous. Oppositely arranged leaves are narrowly linear, lanceshaped. Leaves are hairy with a rounded base. Flowers arise in leaf axils in clusters of 2-4. Flower-stalks are hairy. Flowers are 2-3 cm long, with a 2 cm long tube, slightly inflated at the base. The tube enlarges at the top, to a purple mouth. The petals at the top are purple, 1 cm long.
This sprawling shrub has glossy, smooth, simple leaves 4"-8" long. It blooms in cycles throughout warm weather. Greenish-creamy white tubular flowers rise from above leaves along the stem, followed by shiny white, fleshy berries. Although the flowers are not showy to the eye, their sweet scent can overpower. The perfume is distinctly powerful at night - this feature has had its influence on its common name in all languages. The Hindi name translates to queen of the night, while the Manipuri name means moon flower. While night blooming jasmine is a gorgeous plant with charming blooms, the scent also produces severe allergic reactions in some individuals.
Orchid cactus blooms at night, since the flowers are predominantly pollinated by bats and large moths. They have large white star-like flowers to help their pollinators locate the blossoms by moon or star light, and many have very lovely fragrances. Pure white flowers, the size of a dinner plate, open as soon as the sun goes down and stay open all night, closing in the morning. It is a shrub growing on trees, freely branched, 2-6 m tall, with aerial roots. Old stems and basal extension shoots round, to 2 m or more, woody; branches numerous, dark green, laterally flattened, leaflike, lanceshaped to oblong-lanceshaped. Areoles small, spineless. Flowers nocturnal, fragrant, funnel-shaped. Sepaloids often recurved, pale green or pinkish red, linear to inverted-lanceshaped. Petaloids white, inverted-lanceshaped to obovate. Filaments white; anthers cream.Fruit rare, purplish red, oblong.
Peacock Ceropegia is a twining herb growing in areas with high rainfall in the western ghats. The leaves are long stalked and lance-shaped to ovate. Flowers are showy. The lower part is quite swollen and takes about a third of the flowers total length. The flower-tube is thin, but broadened upward, coloured pinkish beige with some darker spots. The close-knit petals are very dark ruby-coloured, almost black and show a white stripe in the upper third. The tips are joined and emerald green.
Pendulous Wax Flower is an climber, growing on trees. Stems are many, stout. Young branchlets are slender, green. Oppositely arranged leaves are thick, elliptic, bluntly long-pointed, with a narrow base. Plant contains milky sap, which oozes from cuts. Very beautiful flowers are borne in umbels hanging on 6-10 mm long stalk. Flower-stalks are stout. Flowers are cream colored, 2 cm across, with triangular pointed petals. At the center of the flower is the corona of 5 purple, fleshy lobes.
Pretty-Wing Swallow-Wort is a twiner with elliptic-oblong or linear-oblong, pointed leaves. Leaves are heart-shaped at base, hairless, glaucous below. Flowers are borne in umbel-like cymes, in leaf-axils. Flowers are small, white, divided nearly to the base, petals oblong, pointed. Pretty-Wing Swallow-Wort is found in India, Sri Lanka and Myanmar.
Purple passion flower is a fast growing perennial vine that employs tendrils to grab hold of adjacent shrubs, structure and other supports to lift itself. The large serrated leaves grow 5-6 in wide by 6 to 8 in long. They typically have three to five lobes and are arranged alternately on the stem with flowers and branches emerging from the axil. All of the passion flowers have beautifully complex blossoms and Purple passion flower is no exception. These have 2-3 in diameters and are composed of 10 white tepals arranged in a shallow bowl shape above which is arranged fringe of purple and white filaments, called the corona. Purple passion flower is native to southeastern United States.
Rangoon creeper is the most common vine in Delhi. Clusters of fragrant white pendulous trumpets open white then change to pink, red and finally a deep maroon. A vigorous twining climber blooming profusely throughout summer that can reach as much as 70 feet in tropical climates. This plant needs support for growing and is very useful in covering fences, supports, and walls. The fragrant white flowers grow in pendent racemes, quickly changing to pink then red, making a spectacular show. Rangoon creeper is found in thickets or secondary forests of the Philippines, India and Malaysia. It has since been cultivated widely in the gardens as an easy to grow plant.
Red Passion Flower is a passion flower vine with red flowers. This may be confused with the Perfumed Passion Flower, but the leaves of the two are different. Plant parts are covered with rufous velvety hairs nearly throughout. Stipules are narrowly linear. Leaves are oblong, 6-14 cm long, 3-7 cm wide, not lobed, nearly heart-shaped at the base, with double-toothed margins, smooth or sparingly velvety above. Flowers are scarlet or red. Sepal tube is short-cylindric-bellshaped, up to 2 cm long, purple above, pink or white below, the inner rank tubular, filamentose only at the margin, white. Ovary is yellowish-velvety. Red Passion Flower is native to South America.
Royal Jasmine is climbing shrubs. Leaves are opposite, pinnately cut or compound with 5-9 leaflets. Flowers are borne in terminal or axillary, 2-9-flowered cymes. Bracts are linear. Sepals are subulate-linear, 5-10 mm. Flowers are white, opening flat-faced, petals often 5, oblong.
Vinca-Leaved Ceropegia is a herbacious climber with flattened tuber. Stems are twining, hairless. Leaves are ovate with a heart-shaped base and long-pointed tip, with upper surface hairy. Flowers are borne in many-flowered clusters carried on hairy stalks. Flower-stalks are hairless. Flowers are 3-8 cm long, yellowish, with a swollen ovoid portion occupying the lower 1/3 or 1/4 part of the flower-tube. Sepals are linear. Flower tube has purple stripes in the upper half, widening in a funnel-shaped manner towards the mouth. The tube open into 5 petals, 1.5-3.5 long, linear from a triangular-ovate base, pointed at the tip, fused into a narrow ovoid cage. Petals are folded back along the mid-rib, inside velvety, with hairy margin, lower half pale green, upper half dark green.
Wax Leaved Climber is a strong woody plant, climbing trees and having ropelike stems. It can grow to 6 m long. Branchlets are pale gray. Leaf stalks are 1 cm long, with an oblong or elliptic leaf-blade. Leaf base is broadly wedge-shaped, tip rounded or sometimes acute. Flower cymes are like panicles, shorter than leaves. The stalk carrying the cyme is 2-5 mm. Sepals are broadly ovate. Flowers are greenish yellow or yellow-white. Flower tube is 2 mm, petals are long, linear-lancelike.
Wild Moong is the wild form of mung or green gram (Vigna radiata var. radiata) and probably of urd or black gram [Vigna mungo). It is an annual, herb or climber, to 1 m high. Flowers are white, yellow or purple. Stem are twining or prostrate. Leaflets are frequently lobed. Pods are cylindric, straight and densely hairy.
Zimbabwe Creeper is a charming climber, native to South Africa. It has cascading bunches of flowers, each a large, single bloom. The plant has long, thin stems that grow up to 15 feet, with shapely pinnate leaves. Bunches of pale pink flowers, with thin lined throats, hang at the ends of the stems. Throats are hairy. The plant grows rapidly, easily scaling walls or a framework, a mass of green leaves highlighted by the big flowers. A sunny position is preferred although too much heat is not suitable for the plant. The cooler months of the year are ideal for Zimbabwe Creeper to flourish. Too much water and mulchy soil have a detrimental effect on flowering. Propagate from spring-sown seed or cuttings.
Zombi pea is a fairly strong twiner, stems usually clothed with spreading silky hairs. It resembles a plant somewhere between a Southern pea and a mung bean. The long trailing vines have narrow pointed bean-like leaves. Pods and seeds resemble mung beans, and the roots are nodulated. Flowers pink or purplish, turning yellow, pea-like, 2.5 cm long. Because of its tuberous roots rather than its pods, the wild mung is held in fairly high esteem in some parts of the world. It grows wild in the Himalayas and in the foothills of India. The tubers are soft, easy to peel, and possess a creamy, white, tasty interior. They are eaten boiled or raw. Protein content of the tubers is near the 15% level, which is high compared to the 1-7% for potatoes and yams.