A native of the warmer parts of America, Fairy Lily is a half-hardy bulbous plant bearing linear, hollow, strap-shaped or grass-like leaves. The solitary flowers consisting of 6 pointed petals, borne on a short scape are delicate and flourish throughout the rainy season, especially after heavy showers. A good garden soil is suitable and a sunny or semi-shady environment. The propagation is by bulbs.
Long-tailed Habenaria is a 1-3 ft high terrestrial herb. Oblong-elliptic leaves are 3-10, clustered on the base, and lie flat on the ground. Flowers occur on a long erect stalk which is 30-80 cm tall. White fragrant flowers are 1-4 in number. Greenish white petals are 10-14 mm long. Flowers have a spur which is 10-15 cm long. Overall, the flowers have the shape of an inverted funnel. The Nilgiris have 17 species of orchids belonging to the Habenaria genus and it is usual to see hundreds of these, flowering side by side on a single grassy and rocky slope.
This large shrub, which looks like a small tree, sports clusters of waxy flowers that are either white or lavender in color. Each flower consists of five pointed petals and a small, elegant "crown" rising from the center, which holds the stamens. The flowers last long, and in Thailand they are used in various floral arrangements. In India, the plant is common in the compounds of temples. The fruit is a follicle and when dry, seed dispersal is by wind. The seeds with a parachute of hairs, is a delight for small children, who like to blow it and watch it float in the air. This plant plays host to a variety of insects and butterflies.
Crape jasmine, a shrub very common in India, generally grows to a height of 6 ft. However, it can also grow into a small tree with a thin, crooked stem. Like many members of the Oleander family, stems exude a milky latex when broken. The large shiny leaves are deep green and are 6 or more inches in length and about 2 inches in width. Crape jasmine blooms in spring but flowers appear sporatically all year. The waxy blossoms are white five-petaled pinwheels that are borne in small clusters on the stem tips. Flowers are commonly used in pooja in north and south India.
Rajanigandha means "The Fragrance of the Night". It is a flower that is both mythical and magical, its nectar said by some to have special powers and its scent magical to all who experience it. Tuberoses are a popular flower in floral arrangements and their scent is used to produce perfumes the world over. Polianthes come from Mexico and the above is probably more familiar as a florist's cut flower. They are however quite easy to grow in a pot. Long-lasting as a cut flower in water. Flowering tubers have to be discarded as they will not flower again. A mass of long pale green foliage. The unopened buds are pinkish but the flowers are pure white. Tuberoses thrive in sunny spots and bloom in late summer. They are excellent in the garden or in pots. Their tall stems (2-3 ft.) and rather sparse, grass-like foliage make them ideal for interplanting.
This tropical plant from India and Sri Lanka offers a welcome orange, salmon or yellow to the filtered-light area. In addition to the flowers that are practically non-stop for the entire season, the foliage also offers added interest. The leaves are glossy and most striking. As the plant grows, keep it deadheaded and pinched back; it will maintain a bushy shape and keep blooming with each new flush of growth.
Four o'clock flowers are trumpet shaped, about an inch across at the end and about two inches long. They open in the evening and wilt the next morning. Four o'clocks are leafy, shrublike, multi-branched perennials which bloom throughout summer. The plants are erect and spreading, 2-3 ft tall and just as wide. They have numerous branches and opposite, pointed leaves 2-4 in long. The fragrant flowers are borne singly or in clusters, and can be red, magenta, pink, yellow or white, sometimes with more than one color on the same plant. Like Petunia, bicolored flowers can also be grown. The plants continue to produce new flowers from late spring untill fall. Four o'clocks have large, black carrot shaped tubers that can be a foot or more long.
Arabian Jasmine is an evergreen shrub, that often reaches 5 ft in height in pots. The flowers are used in making perfumes and as a flavoring in tea. Arabian jasmine is native to India. This woody shrub features green oval shaped leaves. The most attractive aspect of this plant is its small, white, star-shaped flowers, which are fragrant and have a wonderfully sweet scent. This everblooming Jasmine has bushy growth and does particularly well on windowsills. It is well known in Asia for its use in teas and religious observances. Also known as the "Arabian Tea Jasmine," it is the National Flower of the Philippines, where it is known as 'Sampaguita".
The passion fruit is a vigorous, climbing vine that clings by tendrils to almost any support. It can grow 15 to 20 ft. per year once established and must have strong support. It is generally short-lived (5 to 7 years). The evergreen leaves of passion fruit are alternate, deeply 3-lobed when mature and finely toothed. They are 3 to 8 inches long, deep green and glossy above, paler and dull beneath and, like the young stems and tendrils, tinged with red or purple, specially in the yellow form. A single, fragrant flower, 2 to 3 inches wide, is born at each node on the new growth. The bloom, clasped by 3 large, green, lifelike bracts, consists of 5 greenish-white sepals, 5 white petals and a fringelike corona of straight, white-tipped rays, rich purple at the base. It also has 5 stamens with large anthers, the ovary and triple-branched style forming a prominent central structure. The passion fruit is round to oval, yellow or dark purple at maturity, with a soft to firm, juicy interior filled with numerous seeds. The fruit can be grown to eat or for its juice, which is often added to other fruit juices to enhance aroma. The unique flavor is appealing, musky, guava-like and sweet/tart to tart. Passion fruit is cultivated commercially for its fruit in northwestern South America, India, the Caribbean, Brazil, southern Florida, Hawaii, Australia, East Africa, Israel and South Africa.
Coral Jasmine should not be confused with the West Indian shrub Cestrum nocturnum, also called queen of the night. Nyctanthes arbortristis literally means, night-blooming sad tree. Grows as large shrub or small tree depending on how it is trained. The large attractive leaves are rough and hairy. The sweet scented flowers are small, attractive with white petals and an orange-red tube in center and bloom profusely, opening at night and drop off in the morning, thus making a carpet of flowers in the morning. Used for worship. Needs warmth during winter months. Use well drained soil and fertilize once a month.
Spanish cherry is a lovely green small tree of the Indian subcontinent. With its small shiny, thick, narrow, pointed leaves, straight trunk and spreading branches, it is a prized oranamental specimen because it provides a dense shade and during the months from March to July fills the night air with the delicious heady aroma of its tiny cream colored flowers. Flowers are small, star-shaped, yellowish white in color, with a crown rising from the center. Oval leaves, wavy at margin, about 5-16 cm and 3-7 cm wide. In the morning the fragrant flowers which so graciously scented their surroundings with their deep, rich, fragrance during the evening hours, fall to the ground. People love to collect them as they retain their odor for many days after they fall. They are offered in temples and shrines throughout the country. Appears in Indian mythology as Vakula - said to put forth blossoms when sprinkled with nectar from the mouth of lovely women. Fruits are eaten fresh.
Common lantana is a rugged evergreen shrub from the tropics. The species will grow to 6 ft high and may spread to 8 ft in width with some varieties able to clamber vinelike up supports to greater heights with the help of support. The leaves are 2-5 in long by 1-2 in wide with rounded tooth edges and a textured surface. Stems and leaves are covered with rough hairs and emit an unpleasant aroma when crushed. The small flowers are held in clusters (called umbels) that are typically 1-2 in across. Flower color ranges from white to yellow, orange to red, pink to rose in unlimited combinations, in addition the flowers usually change in color as they age. A lantana may look orange from a distance but the flowerhead is examined at close range it consists of individual white, yellow and red flowers that blend when viewed from afar.
Chrysanthemum is a genus of about 30 species of perennial flowering plants in the family Asteraceae, native to Asia and northeastern Europe. Amongst florists and in the floral industry, they are commonly referred to as "mums". The species of Chrysanthemum are herbaceous perennial plants growing to 50-150 cm tall, with deeply lobed leaves and large flowerheads, white, yellow or pink in the wild species. They belong to the Sunflower family, Compositae. Their flowers come in every color except blue. Their blooms come in a huge variety of shapes and sizes.
Bougainvillea has gained popularity all over the world, due to its versatility, richness and suitability to thrive in degrading environmental conditions. It is a semi-climber and can be grown as a hedge, a shrub, a climber over a sunny wall and also in pots. With its sharp thick thorns it is avoided by cattle, goats, monkeys and even birds. It loves open sunshine and the colours of some varieties grow brighter and more attractive in hot dry climate. A postal stamp was issued by the Indian Postal Department to commemorate this flower.
Silver cockscombs are erect, branching plants with oval or lance-shaped, strongly veined leaves 2-6 in long and hundreds of tiny flowers packed in dense spikes of silver-white flowers which usually stand above the foliage. They are beautiful plants with soft, dense feathery spikes, produced in profusion. Wonderful straw-like flower when dried. It offers fresh shape and colour to cut flower, or everlasting flower arrangements, with 10-13cm flower spikes on 60cm stems. Slender, cylindrical pink or rose flowerheads have a metallic sheen because the individual flowers are silvery-white at their bases. Excellent as a flowering pot plant. Height 60-75cm.
This native of India, commonly known as Amaltaas, is one of the most beautiful of all tropical trees when it sheds its leaves and bursts into a mass of long, grape-bunches like yellow gold flowers. A tropical ornamental tree with a trunck consisting of hard reddish wood, growing up to 40 feet tall. The wood is hard and heavy; it is used for cabinet, inlay work, etc. It has showy racemes, up to 2" long, with bright, yellow, fragrant flowers. These flowers are attractive to bees and butterflies. The fruits are dark-brown cylindrical pods, also 2' long, which also hold the flattish, brown seeds (up to 100 in one pod) These seeds are in cells, each containing a single seed. A postal stamp was issued by the Indian Postal Department to commemorate this tree.
This wonderful twining plant generously bears quite large flowers (about 2" across) which are a beautiful shade of vivid cobalt blue with a white throat. The flowers are presented upside down - the "keel" petal appears on the top rather than the underside. A native of subtropical America and Asia, the butterfly pea is beautiful. A vine that can climb to 9 feet in a hot summer. The flowers are produced in late summer, deep blue with a yellow to white pattern in the center of the lower petal. A member of the pea family, elongated peas are produced and seeds can be collected for sowing the following year. The botanical name comes from the resemblance to intimate parts of the human anatomy.
This tropical flowering tree is one of the most outstanding summer bloomers. Lagerstroemia speciosa is a larger form of the more commonly grown L. indica (Crape myrtle.) It is called Queen Crape Myrtle because it's the Queen of the Crape Myrtles, dominating with grand size and larger, crinkled flowers. The name Crape myrtle is given to these tree/shrubs because of the flowers which look as if made from delicate crape paper. Lagerstroemia speciosa is a large tree growing up to 50' but it can be kept smaller by trimming. It stands on an attractive, spotted bark that often peels. This bark is commercially used and is a valuable timber. The large leaves are also appealing as they turn red right before they drop in the winter. A postal stamp was issued by the Indian Postal Department to commemorate this flower.
Roses are a group of herbaceous shrubs found in temperate regions throughout both hemispheres The birthplace of the cultivated Rose was probably Northern Persia, on the Caspian, or Faristan on the Gulf of Persia. Rose is considered by many as the most beautiful of all flowers. There are varieties which have an extremely pleasant scent. There are other varieties which do not have much smell. It is available in every colour except blue and true black. The red rose is the symbol of England and is worn on St George's Day. It is also the symbol of love and is hugely popular on St Valentine's Day, when roses make up the largest proportion of the money spent on flowers. Rose has always featured strongly throughout history.
Lupin are herbaceous ornamental plants native to the American continents and parts of Africa. The species are mostly perennial plants 1-5 ft tall, but some are annual plants and a few are shrubs up to 10 ft tall. The leaf blades are usually palmately divided into 5–28 leaflets. The flowers are produced in dense or open whorls on an erect spike, each flower 1-2 cm long, with a typical peaflower shape with an upper 'standard', two lateral 'wings' and two lower petals fused as a 'keel'. Due to the flower shape, several species are known as bluebonnets or quaker bonnets. The fruit is a pod containing several seeds.
Red Passion Flower is a passion flower vine with red flowers. This may be confused with the Perfumed Passion Flower, but the leaves of the two are different. Plant parts are covered with rufous velvety hairs nearly throughout. Stipules are narrowly linear. Leaves are oblong, 6-14 cm long, 3-7 cm wide, not lobed, nearly heart-shaped at the base, with double-toothed margins, smooth or sparingly velvety above. Flowers are scarlet or red. Sepal tube is short-cylindric-bellshaped, up to 2 cm long, purple above, pink or white below, the inner rank tubular, filamentose only at the margin, white. Ovary is yellowish-velvety. Red Passion Flower is native to South America.
Related to the beauty-berry bush and lantana, this vine is powerful in color. The white calyx's and scarlet flowers would make even the most drab tree glorious. They bloom sporadically Spring through Fall with the heaviest concentration of bloom in the Summer. It holds itself by wrapping around any support it can reach, so once started, further training is not needed. It is often grown in pots as a standalone plant. It originates from West Africa. It will be damaged when temperatures drop into twenties. It prefers good soil and drainage and seems to do its best with morning light. Clerodendrum thomsoniae can withstand pretty dry growing conditions.
Marsh Dewflower is an erect or nearly erect, branched herb. Leaves are lanceshaped, margin wavy, tip pointed or shortly tapering, base rounded, more or less stem-claspinge, prominently striped, hairy. Flowers are 5-6 mm long, 1-2, orange-yellow, in leaf-axils to the upper leaf-sheaths; flower-stalks 2-4 cm long, erect or slightly bent in fruits, jointed at middle, hairy below the joints; bracteoles 2 at joints, about 1 mm long, membranous, ovate, blunt. Sepals 3, free, slightly unequal, about 6 x 2 mm, elliptic-oblong, subpointed, straw-coloured, persistent. Petals 3, free, orange-yellow, bluish when dry, obovate, slightly longer than sepals. Fertile stamens are 3; filaments bearded; anthers 2-celled; staminodes 3. Capsule 5-7 mm long, oblong, trigonous, cuspidate with persistent style, 3-celled; seeds 3 or more, angular, pitted. Marsh Dewflower is found in Peninsular India.
Vinca-Leaved Ceropegia is a herbacious climber with flattened tuber. Stems are twining, hairless. Leaves are ovate with a heart-shaped base and long-pointed tip, with upper surface hairy. Flowers are borne in many-flowered clusters carried on hairy stalks. Flower-stalks are hairless. Flowers are 3-8 cm long, yellowish, with a swollen ovoid portion occupying the lower 1/3 or 1/4 part of the flower-tube. Sepals are linear. Flower tube has purple stripes in the upper half, widening in a funnel-shaped manner towards the mouth. The tube open into 5 petals, 1.5-3.5 long, linear from a triangular-ovate base, pointed at the tip, fused into a narrow ovoid cage. Petals are folded back along the mid-rib, inside velvety, with hairy margin, lower half pale green, upper half dark green.
Son Ghanta is one of the critically endangered plant species of the Western Ghats. It is endemic and restricted to four districts of Maharashtra State. It is a shrub 3-5 ft tall characterized by 2 inch long bell-like hanging golden yellow flowers. The five petals are orange yellow, veined with purple. Alternately arranged leaves are heart-shaped, long-pointed, with toothed margins.
Blue Sonki an erect branched plant, half a meter tall. Alternately arranged, stalkless, broad-elliptic leaves, are acute at both ends. Leaf margin is coarsely serrated, rough, glandular. Leaves are light green above, pale beneath. Blue-purple flower-heads occcur in corymbose panicles. Bracts oblong, hairy, grandular; style arms hairy. It is occasionally found in grasslands at high elevations on Western Ghats.
Native to India, Forest Ghost Flower is a gregarious root parasite seen on shaded forest floor during monsoon. Leafless flowers are in one group, red purple or even white, solitary on a slender erect scape.Flowers have a curious shape - the sepal tube is split, from which emerges a rosy pink flowers tube. They look like rose-buds in brownish holders. Occurs on forest floor covered with decayed leaves.
Ceylon Boxwood is a small evergreen tree. Bark is grey, smooth, peeling in vertical long, narrow strips. Leaves are deep green, leathery variable in shape and size, ovate- elliptic or lanceshape, pointed, base narrow, blunt or heart-shaped. Flowers are white or greenish white, fragrant, in stalked flat-topped clusters. Ceylon Boxwood grows wild in most parts of tropical India including the Andaman and Nicobar islands.
False Guava is an armed shrub or small tree. Spines arise from leaf axil and are straight. Branchlets have soft hair on them. Leaves are obovate, apex obtuse, base cuneate; hairy along nerves. Leaves are oppositely arranged on horizontal branches. Flowers solitary or paired at the ends of arrested branchlets. Flowers white, turning pale yellow. False Guava is found in India, Sri Lanka, SE Asia. It is also found in the Himalayas.
Evans Ceropegia is a twining climber with subterranean storage tuber. The stem is almost always unbranched and not or only slightly softly hairy. Leaves are ovate or ovate-lanceolate in shape. The flowers stand in few flowered inflorescences, they are about 6 cm long. The lower part is light grey or whitish in colour and sometimes shows faint greyish lines. The petals are white in their lower half and pale yellow in their upper. Usually it grows in Carvia callosa canopy on steep slopes.
Hairy Ceropegia is an upright or climbing plant with a subterranean tuber. The elliptic to ovate leaves are covered with hair on both sides. The flowers of this species are very showy, the lower part is slightly swollen. The flower-tube is light beige coloured and mottled olive-brown or purple upwards. The petals are very broad and yellowish or apple-green coloured. In India the tubers of Hairy Ceropegia are eaten as a vegetable.
Jaini Ceropegia is a small erect herb, with tuberous root. Tubers are hairless.Slender stem is green with oppositely arranged leaves. Leaves are linear-lanceshaped, hairy on both sides, margins with stiff hairs. Flowers occur singly in leaf axils. Sepals are lance-shaped. Flowers are tubular, with the tube enlarged at the base and white. Five narrow linear petals are reddish-purple, and hairy at the base. Sometimes the flower is completely purplish-red.
Maccani Ceropegia is an erect perennial herb 3-4 feet tall. Leaves are ovate-lanceshaped, hairy above, hairlsess below. Flowers are small, borne in clusters of 6-10. Flowers are white to purplish grey outside, dark purple inside. Lobes are obovate, pointed at tips, creamy white to yellow outside, yellowish-orange inside, hairless, fused at tips forming a minute obovate or obconic head. Outer corona is cup-shaped, 5–lobed, each with a short notch in the middle or slightly bifid, hairy. Pollen masses yellow.
Medium Ceropegia is a slender twinning climber. Stems are slender, purple, and root tuberous. Oppositely arranged leaves are narrowly linear, lanceshaped. Leaves are hairy with a rounded base. Flowers arise in leaf axils in clusters of 2-4. Flower-stalks are hairy. Flowers are 2-3 cm long, with a 2 cm long tube, slightly inflated at the base. The tube enlarges at the top, to a purple mouth. The petals at the top are purple, 1 cm long.
Peacock Ceropegia is a twining herb growing in areas with high rainfall in the western ghats. The leaves are long stalked and lance-shaped to ovate. Flowers are showy. The lower part is quite swollen and takes about a third of the flowers total length. The flower-tube is thin, but broadened upward, coloured pinkish beige with some darker spots. The close-knit petals are very dark ruby-coloured, almost black and show a white stripe in the upper third. The tips are joined and emerald green.
Despite its common name, crepe ginger is only a distant relative of the edible ginger family. It is a tall and dramatic landscape plant with large dark green leaves arranged on the stalk in a spiral. The flowers appear in late summer or early fall, and are quite unusual looking. They form on red 4 in cone-shaped bracts, with several 2 in pure white crinkled flowers protruding from each cone. The flowers look like crepe paper - thus the common name of crepe ginger. After the flowers fade away, the attractive red cone-shaped bracts remain. The large crepy object is not the petal, but the stamen - the three true petals of each flower are inconspicuous, and are almost hidden by the bell shaped stamen.
Safed Musli is a herb with sub-erect leaves and tuberous root system. The plant sports a rosette of long, slender leaves, growing from a thick, fleshy rhizome. The flowers are small, white, produced on sparse panicles. Leaves are slightly yellowish and white flowers are arranged on the flowering stalk which emerge from the centre of the plant.
Showy Spider Flower is a herbaceous plant resembling Wild Spider Flower, but with larger, more showy flowers. It was introduced as an ornamental plant, but has escaped from cultivation, and can be seen growing wild. Leaves are palmately compound, alternately arranged, elliptic leaflets. It can flower anytime after maturity. Flowers are many, borne in an erect, showy raceme, at the end of the stem. Each flower is subtended by a small leaf-like bract. Flower has 4 free, inverted-lance shaped, pink to white petals.
Sunn Hemp is an annual, about a meter or more tall. Many ascending branches are velvet-hairy. Leaf is simple, linear or oblong, blunt or somewhat pointed, apiculate, velvet-hairy on both sides, hairs appressed, silky. Inflorescence an erect at branch-ends and lateral raceme. Flowers are bright yellow. Vexillum ovate-oblong, slightly protruding. It is commonly grown in India for fodder.
Wax Leaved Climber is a strong woody plant, climbing trees and having ropelike stems. It can grow to 6 m long. Branchlets are pale gray. Leaf stalks are 1 cm long, with an oblong or elliptic leaf-blade. Leaf base is broadly wedge-shaped, tip rounded or sometimes acute. Flower cymes are like panicles, shorter than leaves. The stalk carrying the cyme is 2-5 mm. Sepals are broadly ovate. Flowers are greenish yellow or yellow-white. Flower tube is 2 mm, petals are long, linear-lancelike.
Hill Turmeric is an erect herb, found on moist, shaded areas of wet forests and along sluggish grassy slopes of higher altitude. It has stout rootstock bearing small almond like sub-globose tubers at the ends of the fibrous roots. The tubers are fleshy and white inside, aromatic.
Flowering spikes seen in the center of the previously formed tuft of leaves, bearing numerous compactly arranged flowers; flowering bracts conspicuous, inverted eggshaped to lancelike, apex rounded to acute, hairless; green with a pinktip.
Pretty-Wing Swallow-Wort is a twiner with elliptic-oblong or linear-oblong, pointed leaves. Leaves are heart-shaped at base, hairless, glaucous below. Flowers are borne in umbel-like cymes, in leaf-axils. Flowers are small, white, divided nearly to the base, petals oblong, pointed. Pretty-Wing Swallow-Wort is found in India, Sri Lanka and Myanmar.
Green Shrimp Plant is a shrubby plant, with 4-sided flower-spikes at the end of branches. Bracts are oval, entire, mucronate. Leaves are elliptic-oblong, narrowed at both ends, velvety. Flowers are large, greenish blue. Upper lip of the flower is linear, reflexed. Green Shrimp Plant is found in Mumbai and Konkan region.
This sub-shrub, native to the Himalayas, is exceptional for its rich blue flowers which occur in terminal spikes during the early winter season. The flower spikes are borne above the large, rounded and prominently veined leaves. It is a popular garden plant. The plant even looks great in foliage without flowers. One prominent way in which it differs from its wild cousin Rosy Eranthemum (Eranthemum roseum) is that the flowers are completely scentless, whereas those of Rosy Eranthemum have a strong odour.
Bicolor Persian Violet is an annual herb. Oppositely arranged, stalkless leaves are narrow, elliptic-lancelike or ovate-lancelike, with a sharp tip and rounded base. Flowers are large and showy, occuring in cymes at the end of branches. The four long, ovate sepals are joined together. Flower tube is long, with petals broadly ovate, acute, white below, blue or pink at tips. It is found in Western Ghats and the Himalaya, from Garhwal to Bhutan, S. China, Indo-China, Malaysia.
Eyelashes Shell Beans is a much branched, diffuse herb with angular stems. Leaves are compound, bristle-tipped. Flowers are borne in racemes in leaf axils. Bracts are circular, arranged in pairs, fringed with long hairs looking like eye-lashes, encircling the flowers. Eyelashes Shell Beans is native to India, Nepal and SE Asia.
Fish Poison Bush is a large shrub or a small tree. Oppositely arranged stalkless lance-like leaves, which are mostly crowded at the end of branches. Yellow flowers occur in erect heads at the end of branches, surrounded by large hairy bracts. The flowers have 5 yellow, hairy petals. Plant can cause dermititis. Stem and leaves are used to stun fish.
Commelina-Leaf Habenaria is a terrestrial orchid found in the Himalayas, from W. Himalayas to parts of SE Asia. It is also found in Western Ghats. It is a terrestrial herb. Leaves are alternately arranged on the stem, becoming smaller upwards, merging into bracts, oblong, lance-shaped, with white or yellow margins. Bracts are stem-clasping. Flowers are borne in a dense spike, greenish-white. Sepals and petals are white. Lip is white, 3-lobed. Lateral lobes are thread-like; midlobe is narrowly linear. The curved spur is 5-6 cm long.
Pendulous Wax Flower is an climber, growing on trees. Stems are many, stout. Young branchlets are slender, green. Oppositely arranged leaves are thick, elliptic, bluntly long-pointed, with a narrow base. Plant contains milky sap, which oozes from cuts. Very beautiful flowers are borne in umbels hanging on 6-10 mm long stalk. Flower-stalks are stout. Flowers are cream colored, 2 cm across, with triangular pointed petals. At the center of the flower is the corona of 5 purple, fleshy lobes.
True to its name, Handsome Flowered Balsam is one of the finest of the Indian Balsams. It is an annual herb with erect succulent stems, swollen at nodes. Alternately arranged elliptic membranous leaves. Flowers occur in leaf axils, on stalks. Violet purple flowers are 4-5 cm across. Standard petal is round, notched, spurred at the back. Wing petals are broad. Lip is short, boat-shaped. Spur is long and curved. Occurs on slopes of forested hills above 1000 m. Unlike other balsams, this one is not geragrious.
Kydia is a tall tree with leaves that are dark green and less hairy above, greyish below. Flowers occur in panicles; petals are obovate-obcordate, clawed, densely hairy on both margins at the base, white or pink.
Lion's Ear is an erect, branched herb that can grow 8 ft tall. The stems are strongly 4-angled. Oppositely arranged are smooth with coarsely toothed margins, triangular in shape. The flowers are borne in rounded, spiny clusters that encircle the stems so that it looks like the stems are growing right through the middle of the clusters. As the stems elongate, new flower clusters continue to develop above the older ones. Orange, furry, tubular flowers that emerge out of the spiny heads look like a lion's ear, with some imagination. he flowers are curved downward. Lion's Ear originated in tropical Africa, but is now naturalized world wide.
It is commonly called Wild Tobacco, because the leaves resemble tobacco leaves. It is a tall, erect, much branched, somewhat hairy herb. It is a poisonous plant. The leaves are narrowly obovate-lanceolate. The flowers are large, white, and borne in terminal racemes. Flowers are two-lipped. The sepal are smooth or hairy, narrow.
Chikoo is a fairly slow-growing, long-lived tree, upright and elegant, distinctly pyramidal when young. It is strong and wind-resistant, rich in white, gummy latex. Its leaves are highly ornamental, evergreen, glossy, alternate, spirally clustered at the tips of the forked twigs; elliptic, pointed at both ends, firm. Flowers are small and bell-like, with 3 brown-hairy outer sepals and 3 inner sepals enclosing the pale-green corolla. They are borne on slender stalks at the leaf bases. The fruit may be nearly round, oblate, oval, ellipsoidal, or conical. When immature it is hard, gummy and very astringent. Though smooth-skinned it is coated with a sandy brown scurf until fully ripe. The flesh ranges in color from yellowish to light or dark-brown or sometimes reddish-brown; may be coarse and somewhat grainy or smooth; becomes soft and very juicy, with a sweet flavor resembling that of a pear. Chikoo is native to Central America.
Purple passion flower is a fast growing perennial vine that employs tendrils to grab hold of adjacent shrubs, structure and other supports to lift itself. The large serrated leaves grow 5-6 in wide by 6 to 8 in long. They typically have three to five lobes and are arranged alternately on the stem with flowers and branches emerging from the axil. All of the passion flowers have beautifully complex blossoms and Purple passion flower is no exception. These have 2-3 in diameters and are composed of 10 white tepals arranged in a shallow bowl shape above which is arranged fringe of purple and white filaments, called the corona. Purple passion flower is native to southeastern United States.
A tall growing orchid native to India and SE Asia. It is named as Butterfly Orchid because of its wing-like sepals and fringed lip lobes. The butterfly orchid is a ground orchid of swamp and grassland with very large white terminal flowers and elongated nectarines. The flowers have a pleasing fragrance. During the monsoon, the twin underground tubers, dormant till then, shoot out a robust green stem of flat leaves, bearing up to six flowers. The outstanding part is the wide spreading lip, which is tri-cleft. While the mid-lobe is simple and tongue-like, the side lobes are widely expanded with ends split up into numerous long comb-like segments. The lip has a long, tubular greenish spur near the base. The petals are narrow and hidden by the wide white sepals. The dorsal sepal is the widest. The stumpy white column has a single anther, flat at the tip, pollinia being two. This flower also has a peculiar spur. The home of this orchid is humus-rich marshy grasslands, margins of bamboo clump shelters and the muddy fringes of swamps in hilly areas throughout the country. Tubers are uprooted and eaten by wild boar. The orchid can be easily cultivated in pots filled with rich with leaf mould. While collecting the tubers from the wild, take plenty of soil from home. When the flowering season is over, the stem withers. The pots should not be disturbed as the tubers hibernate. The pots should be kept always moist and under the shade. The tuber sprouts and flowers in the next rains.
Purple Smithia is a small annual herb. Stem erect, branched, glabrous. Stalkless leaves are pinnate, with oblong leaflets having a bristle at the tip. Purple flowers occur in racemes of 6-12 flowers.
The Cocoa tree is native to the Americas. Cocoa trees require constant warmth and rainfall to thrive. They need to be shaded from the strong tropical sun and sheltered from the wind, and grow best in the shade of other trees. Cocoa Tree is a wide-branching evergreen tree. The plant is "cauliflorous" with flowers (and later fruits) protruding directly from the woody branches and trunk. Cacao beans contain the caffeine alkaloid Theobromine, which is a mild stimulant. Cacao is the source of chocolate, which is obtained by roasting and grinding the seeds. Chocolate is also said to contain the chemical Phenylethylamine, a natural amphetamine found in the human brain, which induces a feeling of euphoria.
Wishbone Flower is an erect, bushy annual with toothed ovate leaves and trumpet shaped flowers. The showy flowers are velvety. They are pale violet and have deep purple blotches on the lower petals with yellow inside. Flowers bloom throughout the summer and autumn. Wishbone Flower is native to Cambodia, Laos, Thailand and Vietnam.