This tropical plant from India and Sri Lanka offers a welcome orange, salmon or yellow to the filtered-light area. In addition to the flowers that are practically non-stop for the entire season, the foliage also offers added interest. The leaves are glossy and most striking. As the plant grows, keep it deadheaded and pinched back; it will maintain a bushy shape and keep blooming with each new flush of growth.
Silver cockscombs are erect, branching plants with oval or lance-shaped, strongly veined leaves 2-6 in long and hundreds of tiny flowers packed in dense spikes of silver-white flowers which usually stand above the foliage. They are beautiful plants with soft, dense feathery spikes, produced in profusion. Wonderful straw-like flower when dried. It offers fresh shape and colour to cut flower, or everlasting flower arrangements, with 10-13cm flower spikes on 60cm stems. Slender, cylindrical pink or rose flowerheads have a metallic sheen because the individual flowers are silvery-white at their bases. Excellent as a flowering pot plant. Height 60-75cm.
Purple passion flower is a fast growing perennial vine that employs tendrils to grab hold of adjacent shrubs, structure and other supports to lift itself. The large serrated leaves grow 5-6 in wide by 6 to 8 in long. They typically have three to five lobes and are arranged alternately on the stem with flowers and branches emerging from the axil. All of the passion flowers have beautifully complex blossoms and Purple passion flower is no exception. These have 2-3 in diameters and are composed of 10 white tepals arranged in a shallow bowl shape above which is arranged fringe of purple and white filaments, called the corona. Purple passion flower is native to southeastern United States.
Spanish cherry is a lovely green small tree of the Indian subcontinent. With its small shiny, thick, narrow, pointed leaves, straight trunk and spreading branches, it is a prized oranamental specimen because it provides a dense shade and during the months from March to July fills the night air with the delicious heady aroma of its tiny cream colored flowers. Flowers are small, star-shaped, yellowish white in color, with a crown rising from the center. Oval leaves, wavy at margin, about 5-16 cm and 3-7 cm wide. In the morning the fragrant flowers which so graciously scented their surroundings with their deep, rich, fragrance during the evening hours, fall to the ground. People love to collect them as they retain their odor for many days after they fall. They are offered in temples and shrines throughout the country. Appears in Indian mythology as Vakula - said to put forth blossoms when sprinkled with nectar from the mouth of lovely women. Fruits are eaten fresh.
Bougainvillea has gained popularity all over the world, due to its versatility, richness and suitability to thrive in degrading environmental conditions. It is a semi-climber and can be grown as a hedge, a shrub, a climber over a sunny wall and also in pots. With its sharp thick thorns it is avoided by cattle, goats, monkeys and even birds. It loves open sunshine and the colours of some varieties grow brighter and more attractive in hot dry climate. A postal stamp was issued by the Indian Postal Department to commemorate this flower.
This native of India, commonly known as Amaltaas, is one of the most beautiful of all tropical trees when it sheds its leaves and bursts into a mass of long, grape-bunches like yellow gold flowers. A tropical ornamental tree with a trunck consisting of hard reddish wood, growing up to 40 feet tall. The wood is hard and heavy; it is used for cabinet, inlay work, etc. It has showy racemes, up to 2" long, with bright, yellow, fragrant flowers. These flowers are attractive to bees and butterflies. The fruits are dark-brown cylindrical pods, also 2' long, which also hold the flattish, brown seeds (up to 100 in one pod) These seeds are in cells, each containing a single seed. A postal stamp was issued by the Indian Postal Department to commemorate this tree.
Red Passion Flower is a passion flower vine with red flowers. This may be confused with the Perfumed Passion Flower, but the leaves of the two are different. Plant parts are covered with rufous velvety hairs nearly throughout. Stipules are narrowly linear. Leaves are oblong, 6-14 cm long, 3-7 cm wide, not lobed, nearly heart-shaped at the base, with double-toothed margins, smooth or sparingly velvety above. Flowers are scarlet or red. Sepal tube is short-cylindric-bellshaped, up to 2 cm long, purple above, pink or white below, the inner rank tubular, filamentose only at the margin, white. Ovary is yellowish-velvety. Red Passion Flower is native to South America.
Native to India, Forest Ghost Flower is a gregarious root parasite seen on shaded forest floor during monsoon. Leafless flowers are in one group, red purple or even white, solitary on a slender erect scape.Flowers have a curious shape - the sepal tube is split, from which emerges a rosy pink flowers tube. They look like rose-buds in brownish holders. Occurs on forest floor covered with decayed leaves.
Vinca-Leaved Ceropegia is a herbacious climber with flattened tuber. Stems are twining, hairless. Leaves are ovate with a heart-shaped base and long-pointed tip, with upper surface hairy. Flowers are borne in many-flowered clusters carried on hairy stalks. Flower-stalks are hairless. Flowers are 3-8 cm long, yellowish, with a swollen ovoid portion occupying the lower 1/3 or 1/4 part of the flower-tube. Sepals are linear. Flower tube has purple stripes in the upper half, widening in a funnel-shaped manner towards the mouth. The tube open into 5 petals, 1.5-3.5 long, linear from a triangular-ovate base, pointed at the tip, fused into a narrow ovoid cage. Petals are folded back along the mid-rib, inside velvety, with hairy margin, lower half pale green, upper half dark green.
Medium Ceropegia is a slender twinning climber. Stems are slender, purple, and root tuberous. Oppositely arranged leaves are narrowly linear, lanceshaped. Leaves are hairy with a rounded base. Flowers arise in leaf axils in clusters of 2-4. Flower-stalks are hairy. Flowers are 2-3 cm long, with a 2 cm long tube, slightly inflated at the base. The tube enlarges at the top, to a purple mouth. The petals at the top are purple, 1 cm long.
Maccani Ceropegia is an erect perennial herb 3-4 feet tall. Leaves are ovate-lanceshaped, hairy above, hairlsess below. Flowers are small, borne in clusters of 6-10. Flowers are white to purplish grey outside, dark purple inside. Lobes are obovate, pointed at tips, creamy white to yellow outside, yellowish-orange inside, hairless, fused at tips forming a minute obovate or obconic head. Outer corona is cup-shaped, 5–lobed, each with a short notch in the middle or slightly bifid, hairy. Pollen masses yellow.
Peacock Ceropegia is a twining herb growing in areas with high rainfall in the western ghats. The leaves are long stalked and lance-shaped to ovate. Flowers are showy. The lower part is quite swollen and takes about a third of the flowers total length. The flower-tube is thin, but broadened upward, coloured pinkish beige with some darker spots. The close-knit petals are very dark ruby-coloured, almost black and show a white stripe in the upper third. The tips are joined and emerald green.
Wax Leaved Climber is a strong woody plant, climbing trees and having ropelike stems. It can grow to 6 m long. Branchlets are pale gray. Leaf stalks are 1 cm long, with an oblong or elliptic leaf-blade. Leaf base is broadly wedge-shaped, tip rounded or sometimes acute. Flower cymes are like panicles, shorter than leaves. The stalk carrying the cyme is 2-5 mm. Sepals are broadly ovate. Flowers are greenish yellow or yellow-white. Flower tube is 2 mm, petals are long, linear-lancelike.
Long-tailed Habenaria is a 1-3 ft high terrestrial herb. Oblong-elliptic leaves are 3-10, clustered on the base, and lie flat on the ground. Flowers occur on a long erect stalk which is 30-80 cm tall. White fragrant flowers are 1-4 in number. Greenish white petals are 10-14 mm long. Flowers have a spur which is 10-15 cm long. Overall, the flowers have the shape of an inverted funnel. The Nilgiris have 17 species of orchids belonging to the Habenaria genus and it is usual to see hundreds of these, flowering side by side on a single grassy and rocky slope.
This tropical flowering tree is one of the most outstanding summer bloomers. Lagerstroemia speciosa is a larger form of the more commonly grown L. indica (Crape myrtle.) It is called Queen Crape Myrtle because it's the Queen of the Crape Myrtles, dominating with grand size and larger, crinkled flowers. The name Crape myrtle is given to these tree/shrubs because of the flowers which look as if made from delicate crape paper. Lagerstroemia speciosa is a large tree growing up to 50' but it can be kept smaller by trimming. It stands on an attractive, spotted bark that often peels. This bark is commercially used and is a valuable timber. The large leaves are also appealing as they turn red right before they drop in the winter. A postal stamp was issued by the Indian Postal Department to commemorate this flower.
Pendulous Wax Flower is an climber, growing on trees. Stems are many, stout. Young branchlets are slender, green. Oppositely arranged leaves are thick, elliptic, bluntly long-pointed, with a narrow base. Plant contains milky sap, which oozes from cuts. Very beautiful flowers are borne in umbels hanging on 6-10 mm long stalk. Flower-stalks are stout. Flowers are cream colored, 2 cm across, with triangular pointed petals. At the center of the flower is the corona of 5 purple, fleshy lobes.
Safed Musli is a herb with sub-erect leaves and tuberous root system. The plant sports a rosette of long, slender leaves, growing from a thick, fleshy rhizome. The flowers are small, white, produced on sparse panicles. Leaves are slightly yellowish and white flowers are arranged on the flowering stalk which emerge from the centre of the plant.
Hill Turmeric is an erect herb, found on moist, shaded areas of wet forests and along sluggish grassy slopes of higher altitude. It has stout rootstock bearing small almond like sub-globose tubers at the ends of the fibrous roots. The tubers are fleshy and white inside, aromatic.
Flowering spikes seen in the center of the previously formed tuft of leaves, bearing numerous compactly arranged flowers; flowering bracts conspicuous, inverted eggshaped to lancelike, apex rounded to acute, hairless; green with a pinktip.
Blue Sonki an erect branched plant, half a meter tall. Alternately arranged, stalkless, broad-elliptic leaves, are acute at both ends. Leaf margin is coarsely serrated, rough, glandular. Leaves are light green above, pale beneath. Blue-purple flower-heads occcur in corymbose panicles. Bracts oblong, hairy, grandular; style arms hairy. It is occasionally found in grasslands at high elevations on Western Ghats.
Sunn Hemp is an annual, about a meter or more tall. Many ascending branches are velvet-hairy. Leaf is simple, linear or oblong, blunt or somewhat pointed, apiculate, velvet-hairy on both sides, hairs appressed, silky. Inflorescence an erect at branch-ends and lateral raceme. Flowers are bright yellow. Vexillum ovate-oblong, slightly protruding. It is commonly grown in India for fodder.
Jaini Ceropegia is a small erect herb, with tuberous root. Tubers are hairless.Slender stem is green with oppositely arranged leaves. Leaves are linear-lanceshaped, hairy on both sides, margins with stiff hairs. Flowers occur singly in leaf axils. Sepals are lance-shaped. Flowers are tubular, with the tube enlarged at the base and white. Five narrow linear petals are reddish-purple, and hairy at the base. Sometimes the flower is completely purplish-red.
Marsh Dewflower is an erect or nearly erect, branched herb. Leaves are lanceshaped, margin wavy, tip pointed or shortly tapering, base rounded, more or less stem-claspinge, prominently striped, hairy. Flowers are 5-6 mm long, 1-2, orange-yellow, in leaf-axils to the upper leaf-sheaths; flower-stalks 2-4 cm long, erect or slightly bent in fruits, jointed at middle, hairy below the joints; bracteoles 2 at joints, about 1 mm long, membranous, ovate, blunt. Sepals 3, free, slightly unequal, about 6 x 2 mm, elliptic-oblong, subpointed, straw-coloured, persistent. Petals 3, free, orange-yellow, bluish when dry, obovate, slightly longer than sepals. Fertile stamens are 3; filaments bearded; anthers 2-celled; staminodes 3. Capsule 5-7 mm long, oblong, trigonous, cuspidate with persistent style, 3-celled; seeds 3 or more, angular, pitted. Marsh Dewflower is found in Peninsular India.
This large shrub, which looks like a small tree, sports clusters of waxy flowers that are either white or lavender in color. Each flower consists of five pointed petals and a small, elegant "crown" rising from the center, which holds the stamens. The flowers last long, and in Thailand they are used in various floral arrangements. In India, the plant is common in the compounds of temples. The fruit is a follicle and when dry, seed dispersal is by wind. The seeds with a parachute of hairs, is a delight for small children, who like to blow it and watch it float in the air. This plant plays host to a variety of insects and butterflies.
Related to the beauty-berry bush and lantana, this vine is powerful in color. The white calyx's and scarlet flowers would make even the most drab tree glorious. They bloom sporadically Spring through Fall with the heaviest concentration of bloom in the Summer. It holds itself by wrapping around any support it can reach, so once started, further training is not needed. It is often grown in pots as a standalone plant. It originates from West Africa. It will be damaged when temperatures drop into twenties. It prefers good soil and drainage and seems to do its best with morning light. Clerodendrum thomsoniae can withstand pretty dry growing conditions.
Lupin are herbaceous ornamental plants native to the American continents and parts of Africa. The species are mostly perennial plants 1-5 ft tall, but some are annual plants and a few are shrubs up to 10 ft tall. The leaf blades are usually palmately divided into 5–28 leaflets. The flowers are produced in dense or open whorls on an erect spike, each flower 1-2 cm long, with a typical peaflower shape with an upper 'standard', two lateral 'wings' and two lower petals fused as a 'keel'. Due to the flower shape, several species are known as bluebonnets or quaker bonnets. The fruit is a pod containing several seeds.
Roses are a group of herbaceous shrubs found in temperate regions throughout both hemispheres The birthplace of the cultivated Rose was probably Northern Persia, on the Caspian, or Faristan on the Gulf of Persia. Rose is considered by many as the most beautiful of all flowers. There are varieties which have an extremely pleasant scent. There are other varieties which do not have much smell. It is available in every colour except blue and true black. The red rose is the symbol of England and is worn on St George's Day. It is also the symbol of love and is hugely popular on St Valentine's Day, when roses make up the largest proportion of the money spent on flowers. Rose has always featured strongly throughout history.
Common lantana is a rugged evergreen shrub from the tropics. The species will grow to 6 ft high and may spread to 8 ft in width with some varieties able to clamber vinelike up supports to greater heights with the help of support. The leaves are 2-5 in long by 1-2 in wide with rounded tooth edges and a textured surface. Stems and leaves are covered with rough hairs and emit an unpleasant aroma when crushed. The small flowers are held in clusters (called umbels) that are typically 1-2 in across. Flower color ranges from white to yellow, orange to red, pink to rose in unlimited combinations, in addition the flowers usually change in color as they age. A lantana may look orange from a distance but the flowerhead is examined at close range it consists of individual white, yellow and red flowers that blend when viewed from afar.
The passion fruit is a vigorous, climbing vine that clings by tendrils to almost any support. It can grow 15 to 20 ft. per year once established and must have strong support. It is generally short-lived (5 to 7 years). The evergreen leaves of passion fruit are alternate, deeply 3-lobed when mature and finely toothed. They are 3 to 8 inches long, deep green and glossy above, paler and dull beneath and, like the young stems and tendrils, tinged with red or purple, specially in the yellow form. A single, fragrant flower, 2 to 3 inches wide, is born at each node on the new growth. The bloom, clasped by 3 large, green, lifelike bracts, consists of 5 greenish-white sepals, 5 white petals and a fringelike corona of straight, white-tipped rays, rich purple at the base. It also has 5 stamens with large anthers, the ovary and triple-branched style forming a prominent central structure. The passion fruit is round to oval, yellow or dark purple at maturity, with a soft to firm, juicy interior filled with numerous seeds. The fruit can be grown to eat or for its juice, which is often added to other fruit juices to enhance aroma. The unique flavor is appealing, musky, guava-like and sweet/tart to tart. Passion fruit is cultivated commercially for its fruit in northwestern South America, India, the Caribbean, Brazil, southern Florida, Hawaii, Australia, East Africa, Israel and South Africa.
Chrysanthemum is a genus of about 30 species of perennial flowering plants in the family Asteraceae, native to Asia and northeastern Europe. Amongst florists and in the floral industry, they are commonly referred to as "mums". The species of Chrysanthemum are herbaceous perennial plants growing to 50-150 cm tall, with deeply lobed leaves and large flowerheads, white, yellow or pink in the wild species. They belong to the Sunflower family, Compositae. Their flowers come in every color except blue. Their blooms come in a huge variety of shapes and sizes.